5.1. There is/are
|Yes/No questions||Short answers|
|Is||there||a table?||Yes, there is.
No, there isn’t.
|Are||any photos?||Yes, there are.
No, there aren’t.
5.2. How many… ?
How many books do you have?
|There are some flowers.||some + plural noun|
|There aren’t any cups.||any + plural noun|
|Are there any books?||any + plural noun|
5.4. this, that, these, those
We use this and these to talk about people/things that are near to us.
I like this ice-cream.
I want these shoes.
We use that and those to talk about people/things that aren’t near to us.
Do you like that picture on the wall?
Who are those children outside?
It’s the best home in the world.
The front door is at the top of the steps.
There are magazines under the table.
There is a photo on the television.
There are two pictures on the wall.
The cinema is on the left, opposite the flower shop.
The bank is next to the supermarket.
The bus stop is near the park.
There is a post box in front of the chemist’s.