3.00. Грамматика | BookTitres.com


3.1. Present Simple he, she, it

1 The Present Simple expresses a fact which is always true, or true for a long time.
He comes from Switzerland.
She works in a bank.
2 It also expresses a habit.
She goes skiinng in winter.
He never has a holiday.

Positive
He
She
It
lives in Australia.

Have is irregular. She has a dog. NOT she haves

Negative
He
She
It
doesn’t live in France. doesn’t = does not
Question
Where does he
she
it
live?
Yes/No questions Short answers
Does he
she
it
live in Australia?in France? Yes, he does.
No, she doesn’t.
Yes, it does.

3.2. Spelling of the third person singular

1 Most verbs add -s in the third person singular.

wear
speak
live
wears
speaks
lives

But go and do are different. They add -es.

go
do
goes
does

2 If the verb ends in -s, -sh, or -ch, add -es.

finish
watch
finishes
watches

3 If the verb ends in a consonant + -y, the y changes to -ies.

fly
study
flies
studies

But if the verb ends in a vowel + -y the y does not change.

play plays

4 Have is irregular.

have has

3.3. Prepositions

She lives in Switzerland.
She goes skiing in her free time.
In the evening we have supper.
A nurse looks after people in hospital.
She likes going for walks in summer.

Get on the bus.
He lives on an island in the west of Scotland.

He collect the post from the boat.
He delivers the beer to the pub.
He drives the children to school.
At ten we go to bed.
He likes listening to music.
He speaks to people on his radio.
She’s married to an American.
There’s letter for you.
He makes breakfast for the guests.
He writes for a newspaper.

He works as an undertaker.
Tourists come by boat.
It’s about 6.30.

3.00. Грамматика

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