14.00. Грамматика | BookTitres.com


14.1 Present Perfect

1 The Present Perfect refers to an action that happend some time before now.

She’s travelled to most parts of the world.
Have you ever been in a car accident?

2 If we want to say when these actions happened, we must use the Past Simple.

She went to Russia two years ago.
I was in a crash when I was 10.

3 Notice the time expressins used with the Past Simple.

I left last night.
yesterday.
in 1990.

at three o’clock.
on Monday.
Positive and negative
I
You
We
They
have (not) been to the States. I’ve been = I have been
You’ve been = You have been
We’ve been = We have been
They’ve been = They have been
He
She
It
has He’s been = He has been
She’s been = She has been
It’s been = It has been
Question
Where have I
you
we
they
been?
has she
he
it
Yes/No questions Short answers
Have you been to Russia? Yes, I have.
No, I haven’t.

ever and never

We use ever in questions and never in negative sentences.

Have you ever been to Russia?
I’ve never been to Russia.

14.2 yet and just

We use just in positive sentences. We use yet in negative sentences and questions.

Have you done your homework yet?
I haven’t it yet (but I’m going to).
I have just done it (a short time before now).

14.3 been and gone

She’s gone to Portugal (and she’s there now).
She’s been to Portugal (sometime in her life, but now she has returned).

14.4 Prepositions

She works for a big company.
Hamlet is a play by Shakespeare.
Brad and Marilyn are on honeymoon.
Wait for me!

14.00. Грамматика

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