11.00. Грамматика | BookTitres.com


11.1 Present Continuous

1 The Present Continuous describes an activity happening now.

She‘s wearing jeans.
I‘m studying English.

2 It also describes an activity in the near future.

I‘m playing tennis this afternoon.
Jane‘s seeing her boyfriend tonight.

Positive and Negative
I am (not) going outside.
He
She
It
is
We
You
They
are
Question
Where am I going?
is he/she/it
are we
you
they
Yes/No questions Short answers
Are you having a good time?
Is my English getting better?
Are they having a party?
Yes, we are.
Yes, it is.
No, they aren’t.

Spelling of verb + -ing

1 Most verbs just add -ing.

wear wearing
go going
cook cooking
hold holding

2 If the infinitive ends in -e, drop the -e.

write writing
smile smiling
take taking

3 When a one-syllable verb has one vowel and ends in a consonant, double the consonant.

sit sitting
get getting
run running

11.2 Present Simple and Present Continuous

1 The Present Simple describes things that are always true, or true for a long time.

I come from Switzerland.
He works in a bank.

2 The Present Continuous describes activities happening now, and temporary activities.

Why are you wearing a suit? You usually wear jeans.

11.3 Whose + possissive pronouns

Whose …? asks about possessin.

Subject Object Adjective Pronoun
I me my mine
You you your yours
He him his his
She her her hers
We us our ours
They them their theirs
Whose is this book?
Whose book is this?
Whose is it?
It’s mine.
yours.
hers.
his.
ours.
theirs.

11.4 Prepositions

I read in bed.
We’ve got this jumper in red.
He’s talking to Mandy.
There’s a girl with fair hair.
I’m looking for a jumper.
I always pay by credit card.

11.00. Грамматика

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