10.00. Грамматика | BookTitres.com


10.1 Comparative and superlative adjectives

Adjective Comparative Superlative
One-syllable adjectives old
safe
big
hot
older
safer
bigger
hotter
the oldest
the safest
the biggest*
the hottest*
Adjectives ending in -y noisy
dirty
noisier
dirtier
the noisiest
the dirtiest
Adjectives with two or more syllables boring
beautiful
more boring
more beautiful
the most boring
the most beautiful
Irregular adjectives good
bad
far
better
worse
further
the best
the worst
the furthest

* Adjectives wich end in one vowel and one consonant double the consonant.

You’re older than me.
New York is dirtier than Paris.
Prague is one of the most beautiful cities in Europe.

10.2 have got and have

Have got means the same as have to talk about possession, but the form is very different. We often use have got in spoken English.

have got have
Positive Positive
I
You
We
They
have got a cat.
a garden.
I
You
We
They
have a cat.
a garden.
He
She
It
has He
She
It
has
Negative Negative
I
You
We
They
haven’t got a dog.
a garage.
I
You
We
They
don’t have a dog.
a garage.
He
She
It
hasn’t He
She
It
doesn’t
Questions Questions
Have I
you
we
they
got any money?
a sister?
Do I
you
we
they
have any money?
a sister?
Has he
she
it
Does he
she
it
How many children have they got?Short answers
Yes, I have./No, I haven’t.
Yes, she has./No, she hasn’t.
How many children do they have?Short answers
Yes, I do./No, I don’t.
Yes, she does./No, she doesn’t.

The past of both have and have got is had.

10.3 Prepositions

The country is quieter than the city.
The house is 50 metres from the sea.
Everest is the highest mountain in the world.
He spends his time on the banks of the river.
She came out of the garage.
He drove along the road.
They ran over the bridge.
I walked past the pub.
He walked up the hill.
He ran down the hill.
The boat went across the river.
The cat ran through the hedge.
He jumped into the lake.

10.00. Грамматика

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